Cyber Aware

Improve your cyber security by taking six actions

Improve your online security with Cyber Aware’s 6 actions.

If hackers get into your device or accounts, they could access your money, your personal information, or information about your business.

Cyber Aware campaign offers advice for people to protect password, accounts and devices.

Explore the 6 Cyber Aware actions you can take to keep yourself, your family and your business secure.

Improve your password security

Creating strong, separate passwords and storing them safely is a good way to protect yourself online.

1. Use a strong and separate password for your email.

Your main email is the gateway to all your other accounts. Keep it secure with a password that is different to all your other passwords. Keep it secure. Keep it separate.

2. Create strong passwords using 3 random words.

Weak passwords can be hacked in seconds. Make yours strong, longer and more memorable by combining three random words that you can remember. The dafter the better.

3. Save your password in to your browser.

This is safer than re-using the same password for all your accounts. Save them to secure them.


Add Extra Protection

Once you’ve set up strong, separate passwords for all your devices and services, there are other things you can do to reduce your risk of being hacked.

4. Turn on 2 Factor Authentication (2FA)

Two factor authentication protects you with a second layer of security that checks it’s really you logging in. Think of it as a double lock for your data. Be doubly sure.

5. Update your devices

Cybercriminals exploit weaknesses in software and apps to get your information. Updating fixes those weaknesses. Think of update reminders as an alarm telling you to act. Stay secure. Update regularly.

Make sure you can recover quickly

A cyber attack may mean you lose some or all of your data, such as pictures, documents, or financial or client information. Backing up regularly will help you get back on track.

6. Back up your data

If your phone, tablet or laptop is hacked, you could lose all your personal files including photos and videos. Keep everything secure by backing up. Back it up, keep it secure.

Advice on backups for sole traders and small businesses

Backing up your data will mean your business can continue to operate if a cyber incident does happen.

Start by identifying the data that is most important to your business. This could be financial, contract, customer or supplier information. Make sure it is backed up regularly.

You should also know how to restore a backup in the event of data loss.

For more information, see NCSC’s Small Business Guide

Alternative Formats for Online Safety and Security Messaging

In both text and audio formats, the National Cyber Security Centre’s 6 actions to online security messaging has been translated into 6 languages: Polish, Simplified Chinese, Arabic, Punjabi, Urdu and Romanian. The 6 actions have also been made into text formats: a structured text document (for use with assistive technology), HTML, braille, English audio and large print. More formats including Easy Read, British Sign Language will be available soon. The alternative formats are free and can be found on Lead Scotland’s website.

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